Malnutrition with vitamin deficiency in Elderly people

NICE advises that malnourishment tends to be represented by:

a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 kg/m²

unintentional weight loss greater than 10% within the last 3 to 6 months

a BMI of less than 20 kg/m² and unintentional weight loss greater than 5% within the last 3 to 6 months. At risk of malnutrition
NICE advises that those at risk of malnutrition include people who have:

eaten little or nothing for more than 5 days and/or are likely to eat little or nothing for 5 days or longer

a poor absorptive capacity and/or high nutrient losses and/or increased nutritional needs from causes such as catabolism. This table displays the nutritional deficiencies associated with the age-related conditions of malnutrition, cognitive function, sarcopenia and osteoporosis. Protein,Carbohydrates, Lipids, Vitamins B6, B9, B12, C,Vitamin A,Vitamin D,Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Calcium,Magnesium, phosphorus, Iron, Zinc, selenium.

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